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43 Interplay between the compatibilization of polyethylene-graft-polystyrene and the composition of LLDPE/PS blends in the foaming behaviour  
43 Interplay between the compatibilization of polyethylene-graft-polystyrene and the composition of LLDPE/PS blends in the foaming behaviour
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关键词: ?Polyethylene-g-polystyrene  
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所属学科: 功能高分子
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简介:
Polyethylene-g-polystyrene (PE-g-PS) copolymers, which were prepared by the combination of the ROMP and ATRP method, were utilized to compatibilize LLDPE/PS blends. On one hand, the effect of PE-g-PS on the morphologies of LLDPE/PS blends was investigated. On the other hand, the influences of branch length and added amount of PE-g-PS on the cell morphology of foamed LLDPE/PS blends with different compositions were studied using supercritical CO2 as a physical foaming agent in a batch foaming process. It was found that the presence of PE-g-PS in the LLDPE/PS blends showed different influences on the foaming behaviour, strongly depending on the composition of the blends (i.e. the weight ratio of LLDPE and PS). How the interplay of compatibilization and composition of the LLDPE/PS blends affected the foaming behaviour of the LLDPE/PS blends was studied. A reasonable explanation was ascribed to consecutive states of the interfacial region, resulting from different phase structures of the blends. Compared to pristine LLDPE and PS, the blends with a sea-island phase structure showed the improved foam morphology, but the presence of PE-g-PS did not strongly influence the foaming behaviours of these blends. In contrast, the presence of PE-g-PS dramatically promoted the foaming ability of LLDPE/PS blends with a co-continuous phase structure. It was ascribed to the strengthened interfacial adhesion blocking the channel between two components through which CO2 was released, and the viscoelasticity of the blends was not the key factor to determine the foaming behaviour under the same foaming conditions in this work.
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